And welcome to Tuesday! Just two papers today – the first is a short letter on a galaxy that may have some similarities with NGC 1266. Morganti et al. have discovered a local Seyfert 2 galaxy (IC5063) with radio jets that is powering a molecular outflow, based upon CO(2-1) observations with APEX.
The second paper is about how the parent GMC dissolves due to massive star feedback. I’m not sure if it’s anything particularly new, since I’m not an expert in the field, but it sounds like a good description, at least of what their (Rogers & Pittard) model predicts happens.
|Title:||Tracing the extreme interplay between radio jets and the ISM in IC5063|
|Authors:||Morganti, Raffaella; Frieswijk, Wilfred; Oonk, Raymond J. B.; Oosterloo, Tom; Tadhunter, Clive|
We report the discovery with the Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment (APEX) of an outflow of molecular gas in the radio-loud Seyfert galaxy IC5063 (z = 0.0110). In addition to the emission of the large-scale CO disk, a prominent blueshifted wing is observed in the CO(2-1) spectrum. IC5063 represents one of the best cases of a fast jet-driven HI (and ionized gas) outflow, which is located at the site of a radio-bright feature about 0.5 kpc from the nucleus. It is possible that the blueshifted part of the molecular gas is associated with this outflow and is accelerated by the interaction with the radio jet. The outflow of molecular gas is characterized by an H$_2$ mass of the outflowing component of between 2.25 +/- 0.70 x 10^7 M_sun and 1.29 +/- 0.40 x 10^8 M_sun and a mass outflow rate between 22 and 129 M_sun/yr depending on the assumption for alpha_X and assuming a luminosity ratio L’_CO(2-1)/L’_CO(1-0) = 1. This confirms that this may indeed be the dominant component in outflows driven by the nuclear activity that are also found in other objects. However, this high mass outflow rate cannot easily be supported for a long time, suggesting that the gas outflow in IC5063 happens in bursts and is in a particularly strong phase at present. Owing to its proximity, IC5063 serves as an excellent laboratory for understanding the impact of radio jets on the gas-rich inter-stellar medium.
|Title:||Feedback from Winds and Supernovae in Massive Stellar Clusters. I: Hydrodynamics|
|Authors:||Rogers, H.; Pittard, J. M.|
We use 3D hydrodynamical models to investigate the effects of massive star feedback from winds and supernovae on inhomogeneous molecular material left over from the formation of a massive stellar cluster. We simulate the interaction of the mechanical energy input from a cluster with 3 O-stars into a giant molecular cloud (GMC) clump containing 3240 solar masses of molecular material within a 4 pc radius. The cluster wind blows out of the molecular clump along low-density channels, into which denser clump material is entrained. We find that the densest molecular regions are surprisingly resistant to ablation by the cluster wind, in part due to shielding by other dense regions closer to the cluster. Nonetheless, molecular material is gradually removed by the cluster wind during which mass-loading factors in excess of several 100 are obtained. Because the clump is very porous, 60-75 per cent of the injected wind energy escapes the simulation domain, with the difference being radiated. After 4.4 Myr, the massive stars in our simulation begin to explode as supernovae. The highly structured environment into which the SN energy is released allows even weaker coupling to the remaining dense material and practically all of the SN energy reaches the wider environment. The molecular material is almost completely dispersed and destroyed after 6 Myr. The escape fraction of ionizing radiation is estimated to be about 50 per cent during the first 4 Myr of the cluster’s life. A similar model with a larger and more massive GMC clump reveals the same general picture, though more time is needed for it to be destroyed.