Wednesday 27th Nov 2012

arXiv:1211.6116
The complex physics of dusty star-forming galaxies at high redshifts as revealed by Herschel and Spitzer

B. Lo Faro, A. Franceschini, M. Vaccari, L. Silva, G. Rodighiero, S. Berta, J. Bock, D. Burgarella, V. Buat, A. Cava, D.L. Clements, A. Cooray, D. Farrah, A. Feltre, E.A. González Solares, P. Hurley, D. Lutz, G. Magdis, B. Magnelli, L. Marchetti, S.J. Oliver, M.J. Page, P. Popesso, F. Pozzi, D. Rigopoulou, M. Rowan-Robinson, I.G. Roseboom, Douglas Scott, A.J. Smith, M. Symeonidis, L. Wang, S. Wuyts

We combine far-infrared photometry from Herschel (PEP/HERMES) with deep mid-infrared spectroscopy from Spitzer to investigate the nature and the mass assembly history of a sample of 31 Luminous and Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies at z~1 and 2 selected in GOODS-S with 24 $\mu$m fluxes between 0.2 and 0.5 mJy. We model the data with a self-consistent physical model (GRASIL) which includes a state-of-the-art treatment of dust extinction and reprocessing. We find that all of our galaxies appear to require massive populations of old (>1 Gyr) stars and, at the same time, to host a moderate ongoing activity of SF (SFR < 100 M$_{\odot}$/yr). The bulk of the stars appear to have been formed a few Gyr before the observation in essentially all cases. Only five galaxies of the sample require a recent starburst superimposed on a quiescent star formation history (SFH). We also find discrepancies between our results and those based on optical-only SED fitting for the same objects; by fitting their observed Spectral Energy Distributions with our physical model we find higher extinctions (by $\Delta$A_{V} ~ 0.81 and 1.14) and higher stellar masses (by $\Delta$Log(M*) ~ 0.16 and 0.36 dex) for z~1 and z~2 (U)LIRGs, respectively. The stellar mass difference is larger for the most dust obscured objects. We also find lower SFRs than those computed from L_{IR} using the Kennicutt relation due to the significant contribution to the dust heating by intermediate-age stellar populations through ‘cirrus’ emission (~73% and ~66% of total L_{IR} for z~1 and z~2 (U)LIRGs, respectively).

arXiv:1211.6118

The Molecular Gas Density in Galaxy Centers and How It Connects to Bulges

David B. Fisher, Alberto Bolatto, Niv Drory, Francoise Combes, Leo Blitz, Tony Wong

In this paper we present gas density, star formation rate, stellar masses, and bulge disk decompositions for a sample of 60 galaxies. Our sample is the combined sample of BIMA SONG, CARMA STING, and PdBI NUGA surveys. We study the effect of using CO-to-H_2 conversion factors that depend on the CO surface brightness, and also that of correcting star formation rates for diffuse emission from old stellar populations. We estimate that star formation rates in bulges are typically lower by 20% when correcting for diffuse emission. We find that over half of the galaxies in our sample have molecular gas surface density >100 M_sun pc^-2. We find a trend between gas density of bulges and bulge Sersic index; bulges with lower Sersic index have higher gas density. Those bulges with low Sersic index (pseudobulges) have gas fractions that are similar to that of disks. We also find that there is a strong correlation between bulges with the highest gas surface density and the galaxy being barred. However, we also find that classical bulges with low gas surface density can be barred as well. Our results suggest that understanding the connection between the central surface density of gas in disk galaxies and the presence of bars should also take into account the total gas content of the galaxy and/or bulge Sersic index. Indeed, we find that high bulge Sersic index is the best predictor of low gas density inside the bulge (not barredness of the disk). Finally, we show that when using the corrected star formation rates and gas densities, the correlation between star formation rate surface density and gas surface density of bulges is similar to that of disks.

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