Wednesday 4th July 2012

JVLA imaging of 12CO J=1-0 and free-free emission in lensed submillimetre galaxies


A. P. Thomson (Edinburgh), R. J. Ivison, Ian Smail, A. M. Swinbank, A. Weiss, J.-P. Kneib, P. P. Papadopoulos, A. J. Baker, C. E. Sharon, G. A. van Moorsel


We present a study using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array of 12CO J=1-0 emission in three strongly lensed submillimetre-selected galaxies (SMMJ16359, SMMJ14009 and SMMJ02399) at z=2.5-2.9. These galaxies span L(IR) = 10^11 – 10^13 Lsun, offering an opportunity to compare the interstellar medium of LIRGs and ULIRGs at high redshift. We estimate molecular gas masses in the range (2-40) x 10^9 Msun using a method that assumes canonical underlying brightness temperature ratios for star-forming and non-star-forming gas phases and a maximal star-formation efficiency. A more simplistic method using X(CO) = 0.8 yields gas masses twice as high. The observed CO(3-2)/CO(1-0) brightness temperature ratio for SMMJ14009, r(3-2)/(1-0) = (0.95 \pm 0.12), is indicative of warm star-forming gas, possibly influenced by the central AGN. We search for 12CO(1-0) emission in the Lyman-break galaxy, A2218 #384, located at z=2.517 in the same field as SMMJ16359, and assign a 3-sigma gas mass limit of <6 x 10^8 Msun. We use rest-frame 115-GHz free-free flux densities in SMMJ14009 and SMMJ02399 – measurements tied directly to the photionisation rate of massive stars and made possible by JVLA’s bandwidth – to estimate star-formation rates of 400-600 Msun/yr and to estimate the fraction of L(IR) due to the AGN.


Complex gas kinematics in compact, rapidly assembling star-forming galaxies


Ricardo Amorín, José M. Vílchez, Guillermo Hägele, Verónica Firpo, Enrique Pérez-Montero, Polychronis Papaderos


Deep, high resolution spectroscopic observations have been obtained for six compact, strongly star-forming galaxies at redshift z~0.1-0.3, most of them also known as Green Peas. Remarkably, these galaxies show complex emission-line profiles in the spectral region including H\alpha, [NII]$\lambda\lambda 6548, 6584$ and [SII]$\lambda\lambda 6717, 6731$, consisting of the superposition of different kinematical components on a spatial extent of few kpc: a very broad line emission underlying more than one narrower component. For at least two of the observed galaxies some of these multiple components are resolved spatially in their 2D-spectra, whereas for another one a faint detached H\alpha\ blob lacking stellar continuum is detected at the same recessional velocity ~7 kpc away from the galaxy. The individual narrower H\alpha\ components show high intrinsic velocity dispersion (\sigma ~30-80 km s$^{-1}$), suggesting together with unsharped masking HST images that star formation proceeds in an ensemble of several compact and turbulent clumps, with relative velocities of up to ~500 km s$^{-1}$. The broad underlying H\alpha\ components indicate in all cases large expansion velocities (full width zero intensity FWZI $\ge$ 1000 km s$^{-1}$) and very high luminosities (up to ~10$^{42}$ erg s$^{-1}$), probably showing the imprint of energetic outflows from SNe. These intriguing results underline the importance of Green Peas for studying the assembly of low-mass galaxies near and far.

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